The newest history of Brazil football is associated with the Maracana Stadium, erected for the first post-war World Cup in 1950. Prior to this, there was a preface covering the three previous draws of the “Goddess Nike” Cup. The first two tournaments in 1930 and 1934 ended in failure for the Brazilians. In the 40s, Argentina was considered the strongest on the continent, winning three championships in South America. However, it was during this period that football in Brazil made a huge leap in its development. The game imported from England began to turn into Brazil into art. Football for the country has become not just a national sport. It has grown into an all-consuming passion of a multi-million population, a social phenomenon, a business card of Brazilian culture. Since the post-war years, national honor and pride are at stake in every world championship. By that time, the whole world was talking about the stellar generation of ball virtuosos headed by Leonidas, Zizinho, Ademir.
Initially, applications for participation in the fourth world championship were submitted by 36 countries. But during the qualifying rounds, the number of teams began to decline sharply – failures followed one after another. As a result, only 13 national teams gathered in Brazil for the second time after the Uruguayan World Cup in 1930. Among the applicants for the highest title was not the most quoted Argentines. Thus, the hosts’ chances of winning jumped sharply. In their preliminary group, the Brazilians beat Mexico (4: 0) and Yugoslavia (2: 0) and tied with the players of Switzerland (2: 2). And in the first two matches of the final four with teams from Sweden and Spain, they showed the rarest beauty and performance of football. Their superiority over their rivals was more than overwhelming. The Brazilians defeated the Scandinavians with a score of 7: 1 (Ademir became the author of another “poker”), and the Spaniards scored six goals, conceding only one goal into their net. Until the Brazilians were completely happy, there was very little left – to win against the “Uruses”. There was no talk about a different outcome of the last match, which essentially had the character of a finale, although a draw was completely fine with Brazil. All the conversations boiled down to one thing – how many goals will the home of the Maracans score for their rivals? The country was waiting for a spectacular victory and was preparing for the celebrations. Brazilians began to celebrate the upcoming victory on the eve of the match. On the day of the game, the Mundo newspaper skipped all other print media. On the front page, she placed a portrait gallery of national team players with a huge hat: “They are world champions!”
However, two hours after the start of the match, Maracana and Brazil were embroiled in mourning. The meeting ended with a horrible outcome for the championship hosts. “Uruses” won with the score 2: 1. When 12 minutes before the end of the game after the impact of Higgia, the ball flew into the gates of the Brazilian goalkeeper Barbosa for the second time, the stands of the giant stadium covered deathly silence. The Brazilians, with the despair of suicide bombers, rushed to recoup, making a real siege of the goal-maker goalkeeper Maspoli. But the ball stubbornly did not go into the net. With the whistle of the referee about the end of the meeting came a moment of torpor, a deaf silence. Maracana was cried. All Brazil was crying, plunged into the abyss of sorrow and grief. And then Brazil has given the world such wonderful teams as Santos FC, Sao Paulo FC, Fluminense FC and many others.
Brazil national team
Brazil national football team is the only team that did not miss a single final stage of the world championships. She is the only one who won the world championship five times. In addition, there are two sets of silver medals in the piggy bank, two for bronze and one for fourth place in 1974. Be that as it may, in the 1930 and 1934 championships, Brazilians dropped out of tournaments after the first stage. In 1938, the team showed significant progress and confidently won bronze medals. And Leonidas da Silva went down in history as the first player to score four goals in one of the matches of the World Championship.
In 1962, in Chile, Brazilians were able to repeat their success. Garrincha became the top scorer of the championship, scoring four goals. His partner – Pele dropped out of the championship after a serious injury in one of the first matches of the group tournament. In the quarterfinals with England, the Brazilians showed a true champion game. It was a Garrincha match. In his book “The Old Man and the Ball,” Nilton Santons talks about the pre-start fever of this legendary football player, the most beloved in Brazil. Santos decided to change the mood of the partner. He took Manet (an abbreviated name from Manuel) aside and said: “They have a tall, redheaded protector. He told reporters that you will not pass it.” Garrincha boiled with rage. As soon as he entered the field, Mane looked around at his rivals and was stunned: “Nilton, they are all tall and red!” “You and beat all. One of them will definitely be the same,” followed the answer of the partner. And Garrincha began his rapid jerks and cascades of feints over and over again to break the defenses of the British, creating at the gate of rival dozen goal situations. He completed two of them himself. One ball from his filing scored Vava – 3: 1.
In the semifinals, the Chileans played very tough against the Brazilians. After Garrincha scored two goals to the hosts of the tournament, rivals staged him a real hunt. First, Landa was removed from the field for obvious rudeness, and soon Garrincha himself earned the same punishment, returning Roxas “surrender”. But this could not change the course of the meeting. Two more goals scored by Vava, and the Brazilians won 4: 2. Before the final, in which the “emigrants” from the same group – Brazil and Czechoslovakia – came together for the second time, a meeting of the FIFA disciplinary commission was held. The fate of Garrincha and, possibly, the Brazilian national team was decided. After lengthy discussions for the first time in the history of the world championships, the player who was at fault was completely acquitted. And the tournament only benefited from this. In the decisive match, Garrincha was again inimitable. Josef Masopust’s goal (15th minute) was answered by three South Americans (Amarildo – 17th, Zito – 69th and Wawa – 78th), and Soviet referee Nikolai Latyshev announced the second ascent of Brazil to the highest football peak – 3: 1. In the final, they played Gilmarmar, D. Santos, Mauro, Zosimo, N. Santos, Zito, Didi, Zagalo, Garrincha, Vava, Amarildo.
At the World Championship in 1966, the aged Brazil national team went to England. Again, the team leader Vicente Feola made a bet on the old guard – Gilmarmar, N. Santos, Bellini, Garrincha … But from the past glory there was only a shadow left. And the youth in the person of Gerson, Tostao, Jairzinho and Brito were psychologically unprepared for battles at this level (their time came four years later in Mexico). There was only Pele, but there was no team. In the preliminary group, the Brazilians won an inexpressible victory over the Bulgarian players (2: 0), and then suffered two crushing defeats with the same score – 1: 3 – from Hungary and Portugal. Moreover, the Portuguese defenders, especially Morais, treated Pele very cruelly. The Brazilian with a black foot remained on the field, but he could not help his own.
After the English championship, Pele announced that he would never take part in the world championships again. But there was a man who managed to force him to change the decision. This is Joao Saldanha – in those years, the country’s most popular football columnist and expert with international prestige. It was he, in the 68th, on the eve of the selection campaign, who was asked to lead the national team. Saldanya returned Pele. And the game of the Brazilian team flashed, as in the best of times.
Brazil Serie A: table and teams
As you know the history of the diverse sports club Flamengo whose football team was formed only in 1911, is very rich in events. The Libertadores Flamengo Cup was able to win only once, in 1981, when the team led by Zico was able to win the Intercontinental Cup. Flamengo is the 6-time champion of Brazil. In the state of Rio de Janeiro, the club occupied the first line 32 times, which is a record of the Cariocian championship (Flamengo is ahead of Fluminense by 2 titles). After the club won the Merkosul Cup in 1999, Flamengo gradually began to give up its positions, and a crisis also occurred in the club in recent years. Despite this they confidently compete in the state championship. In 2006 Flamengo won a ticket to the Copa Libertadores 2007 having won the team from Vasco da Gama in the Brazilian Cup final.
In 2009, for the sixth time in history, Flamengo became the champion of Brazil, thereby catching up with Sao Paulo, which holds the record for one season. However, at the end of 2010, the Brazilian Football Confederation decided to add to the championship titles the old Brazilian Cup (1959-1968) and the Robertta Cup (1967-1970). Thanks to this, Santos and Palmeiras beat Sao Paulo and Flamengo in titles (they got 8 champions). The Flamengo club has its own small stadium, but the club spends most of its matches on Maracana. The main form of the team is T-shirts with wide red-black horizontal stripes, black or white pants, red-black striped leggings (or white). In 2011, the club Flamengo signed a contract with Ronaldinho, who immediately took the place of the team captain. In the same year they became champions of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Flamengo was also able to take the fourth place in the Brazilian championship, thus having the opportunity to represent Brazil in 2012 in the Libertadores Cup.
Gremio is a Brazilian football club from Porto Alegre. The club is playing at the Olympic Monumental stadium, which seats 45,000 fans. Gremio is one of two grandees of its state (the second is Internacional) and one of the most titled Brazilian clubs. He won the Libertadores Cup twice and once – the Intercontinental Cup. The club was founded in September 1903. In 1981, he became the champion of Brazil, and it is from this moment that his truly great story begins. The team suddenly began to win in the country, on the continent and, eventually, on a global scale. The early 1980s and mid-1990s are peaks of success. It was during these periods that the club won its Libertadores Cups, and also became the champion of Brazil.
In 1991, “Gremio” flew to Serie B, but in the next season won a promotion. Club President Fabio Koff began to select high-class football players for the team. So, from “Vasco da Gama” Jardel, defender of Rivarola was bought, and then – Dinho, Paulo Nunesh and some other excellent football players. There were victories in the championship of Brascalia: the championship in the 1996th, the Brazilian cups in the 1997th and in the 2001th. However, in 2004, an inexplicable failure suddenly happened, and the club flew to Serie B. He was delayed there, though not for long. In 2006, he became the state champion, blocking Inter for the fifth championship in a row, and also took 3rd place in the Brazilian championship and got into the zone of the Libertadores Cup. In 2007, the club reached the final of the Libertadores Cup, where they had to give way to the Argentinean Boca Juniors club.
The Brazilian football club Cruzeiro from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, was founded on January 2, 1921. At first it was called Palestra Italy. It received its current name in connection with the Second World War, in 1943, and it means “cross” in translation. Now the club is one of the most titled in Brazil, although until the 60s of the last century, like many other Brazilian teams, it was not known. The first fame was brought to the club by a talented striker Tostao, who led Cruzeiro to win the Brazil Cup in 1966. At that time, winning the Brazilian Cup was equal to the title of champions. In addition, Tostao was in the national team in 1970 world champion.
By the number of victories in the Brazilian Cup, Cruzeiro together with Santos is the champion. The club still owns many different football records. But the most outstanding of them is the peculiar hat-trick that Cruzeiro installed in 2003, winning the state championship, the Brazilian championship and the National Cup.